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  • isoparaffin — noun Any branched chain isomer of a straight chain alkane …   Wiktionary

  • Isoparaffin — I|so|pa|raf|fin [↑ iso (1) u. ↑ Paraffin (2)]: 1) svw. ↑ Isoalkan 2) Jargonbez. für mehrfach methylverzweigte aliphatische Kohlenwasserstoffe, z. B. sog. Isooctan …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Isoparaffin — I|so|par|af|fin auch: I|so|pa|raf|fin 〈n.; Gen.: s, Pl.: e; meist Pl.; Chemie〉 ein Kohlenwasserstoff, der aus Boden u. Wandbelägen ausdampft u. Gesundheitsschäden verursachen kann [Etym.: <Isomer + Paraffin] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Isoparaffin — Iso|pa|raf|fin* das; s, e <zu ↑iso... u. ↑Paraffin> gesättigter ↑aliphatischer Kohlenwasserstoff mit verzweigtem Kohlenstoffgerüst (Chem.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • isoparaffin — iso·paraffin …   English syllables

  • Catalytic reforming — is a chemical process used to convert petroleum refinery naphthas, typically having low octane ratings, into high octane liquid products called reformates which are components of high octane gasoline (also known as petrol). Basically, the process …   Wikipedia

  • petroleum refining — Introduction  conversion of crude oil into useful products. History Distillation of kerosene and naphtha       The refining of crude petroleum owes its origin to the successful drilling of the first oil well in Titusville, Pa., in 1859. Prior to… …   Universalium

  • Naphtha — Not to be confused with naphthalene, a solid benzene derivative which is the main ingredient in mothballs. Naphtha (  /ˈn …   Wikipedia

  • alkylation — 1. A process for manufacturing high octane blending components used in unleaded petrol or gasoline (RON 95,97,98). 2. A refinery process for chemically combining isoparaffin with olefin hydrocarbons. The product, alkylate, has high octane value… …   Petroleum refining glossary

  • Alkylation —   A refining process for chemically combining isobutane with olefin hydrocarbons (e.g., propylene, butylene) through the control of temperature and pressure in the presence of anacid catalyst, usually sulfuric acid or hydrofluoric acid. The… …   Energy terms

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